Fake News Website From Wikipedia
Fake news website
"Fake news websites are websites that publish hoaxes, propaganda, or disinformation to increase web traffic through sharing on social media. Unlike news satire, where humor is the object, fake news websites seek to increase their traffic by knowingly circulating false stories. Fake news websites have promoted misleading or factually incorrect information concerning the politics of several countries including: Germany, Indonesia and the Philippines, Sweden, China, Myanmar, Italy, France, Brazil, Australia, India, and the United States. Many of the false news sites are hosted in Russia, Macedonia, Romania, and the U.S.
One Swedish newspaper, The Local, described the proliferation of fake news as a form of psychological warfare. The European Parliament's Committee on Foreign Affairs called attention to the problem in 2016 when it passed a resolution warning that the Russian government was using think tanks, "pseudo-news agencies" and "internet trolls" as forms of propaganda and disinformation to weaken confidence in Western institutions.
In 2015, the Swedish Security Service, Sweden's national security agency, issued a report concluding Russia was utilizing the tactic to inflame "splits in society" through the proliferation of propaganda. Sweden's Ministry of Defence tasked its Civil Contingencies Agency to combat fake news from Russia. Fraudulent news affected politics in Indonesia and the Philippines, where there was simultaneously widespread usage of social media and limited resources to check the veracity of political claims. German Chancellor Angela Merkel warned of the societal impact of "fake sites, bots, trolls".
Fraudulent articles spread through social media during the 2016 U.S. presidential election. Several officials within the United States Intelligence Community said that Russia was engaged in spreading fake news. Computer security company FireEye concluded Russia used social media as cyberwarfare. Google and Facebook banned fake sites from using online advertising. U.S. President Barack Obama said a disregard for facts created a "dust cloud of nonsense". Concern advanced bipartisan legislation in the U.S. Senate to authorize U.S. State Department action against foreign propaganda. U.S. Senate Intelligence Committee member Ron Wyden said: "There is definitely bipartisan concern about the Russian government engaging in covert influence activities of this nature.""
1 Prominent sources
1.3.1 Internet Research Agency
1.3.2 EU regulation of Russian fake news
1.3.4 Counter-Disinformation Team
1.3.5 Further role in 2016 U.S. presidential election
1.4 United States
2 Impacts by country
2.7 Indonesia and Philippines
2.11 2016 U.S. presidential election
3.1 Google CEO comment and actions
3.2 Facebook deliberations
3.2.1 Blocking fraudulent advertisers
3.3 Fact-checking websites and journalists
3.4 Proposed technology tools
4 Academic analysis
5 Media commentary
5.1 Full Frontal
5.2 Last Week Tonight
5.3 Other media
6 See also
9 Further reading
10 External links