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History 3571: Israel: History, Politics, and Society: Key Players

Library resources that support Dr. Harriet Freidenreich's course, Israel: History, Politics, and Society

Historical Biography

Use the Historical Biography libguide to find reliable biographical information about many key players. For example, entries exist for Chaim Weizmann, David Ben Gurion, and Golda Meir, among others, in the Encyclopedia Judaica (c. 2007), a link to which can be found in the Historical Biography libguide's General Biography tab. Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (c. 2003), a link to which is available on the same tab, contains entries for Moshe Dayan and Menachem Begin. Focus, therefore, on the reference works listed on the General Biography but also Women Notables tabs of the Historical Biography libguide.

The biographical entries mentioned above are at least several paragraphs in length, sometimes longer. Ideally such entries serve as starting points for your research; they provide basic facts, outlining the major accomplishments and struggles of the lives under consideration. Entries often also include bibliographies that will help the researcher to find other important readings about their chosen key player.

Reference Universe

A unique database that searches back-of-the-book indexes and article titles in thousands of encyclopedias and other reference works, Reference Universe makes transparent both printed and online reference material that might otherwise remain hidden.

Search the database for key players in thousands of reference works. For example, a simple keyword search for Wilbushewitch reveals that an entry for "Shochat, Mania Wilbushewitch" exists in the Encyclopedia Judaica, a component of the Gale Virtual Reference Library.

Highly recommended.

Digital Dead Sea Scrolls

"Written between the third and first centuries BCE, the Dead Sea Scrolls include the oldest known biblical manuscripts in existence. In 68 BCE, they were hidden in 11 caves in the Judean desert on the shores of the Dead Sea to protect them from the approaching Roman armies. They weren’t discovered again until 1947, when a Bedouin shepherd threw a rock in a cave and realized something was inside. Since 1965, the scrolls have been on exhibit at the Shrine of the Book at The Israel Museum, Jerusalem. Among other topics, the scrolls offer critical insights into life and religion in ancient Jerusalem, including the birth of Christianity" (Eyal Miller, from a post on the official Google Blog).

"Key Players" Biographies

Click on the links below to retrieve Temple-owned books and other materials associated with names-as-subjects in the Diamond catalog. People whose names are not hyperlinked have not been associated with a Library of Congress Subject Heading (LCSH) in Diamond. For those persons explore standard biographical reference sources listed in the Historical Biography libguide or on the "free" web (see box directly below this one).

Ahad Haam Katznelson, Berl
Aloni, Shulamit Kook, Abraham Isaac
Ashrawi, Hanan Kook, Yav Yehuda Zvi
Alami, Musa Levi, David
Arafat, Yasir Meir, Golda
Barak, Ehud Netanyahu, Binyamin
Begin, Menachem Peres, Shimon
Ben Gurion, David Pinsker, Leon
Cohen, Geulah Rabin, Yitzchak
Dayan, Moshe Sadat, Anwar
Deri, Aryeh Shakdiel, Leah
Eban, Abba Solomon Sharansky, Anatoly
Herzl, Theodor Sharon, Ariel
Husayni, Amin Shamir, Itzhak
Jabotinsky, Vladimir Shochat, Mania Wilbushewitch
Weizmann, Chaim

Search the "Free" Web

Most academic databases are proprietary, i.e. access is limited to persons affiliated with Temple University Libraries (students, faculty, etc.). These proprietary library databases are said to be part of the "deep" or "hidden" web, meaning that the solid, credible information they contain cannot be indexed or retrieved by free search engines. Google, for example, generally cannot index or retrieve content from the hidden web. This is one reason why you should always include library databases in the research mix: the top-notch information they contain often cannot otherwise be accessed. However, information about some of the more obscure key players for this assignment might be difficult to find even in library-only databases. In such cases it is certainly appropriate to widen your search to the "free" web.

Remember that while the free web has many worthwhile information sources, it also contains millions of sites that are inappropriate for college-level research. You might wish to employ the directories listed below when searching on the free web. These and other such directories, often created by librarians, can help you to separate out the wheat from the chaff on the free web. Remember that no single search tool, whether part of the hidden or free web, will ever be able to find all relevant information about your particular key player, and yet the free web indexed by Google, Yahoo, and other standard search engines still casts the widest net. Regardless of which directory or search engine you choose, always remember to read the the Help page(s). Learning just a few simple search tips can lessen the frustration of returning thousands of irrelevant results on both the hidden and free web.

Google Search Tip - Limit your results to educational websites by using "site:edu" in conjunction with your search term(s). Examples:

site:edu Leah Shakdiel

site:edu Kook Yehuda Zvi

Asia (Southwest) / Middle East

Consider searching Historical Abstracts and JSTOR.

Guide Author

Rebecca Lloyd
Paley Library
Room 319


RefWorks logo

Manage your citations with RefWorks, a tool that allows researchers to easily import, export, search, and create automatically formatted bibliographies online. Citations found via searches in library databases such as JSTOR and many other databases can be imported directly into RefWorks. No manual typing required. Bibliographies generated within RefWorks can then be exported to Word in virtually any citation format, e.g. MLA, APA, Chicago, Turabian and others.