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Public Health: General Guide

Resources covering a range of topics for public health related interests.

Healthy People 2020

How do I cite Healthy People 2020?

The suggested citation information (but not APA format) for Healthy People 2020 main site is:

Healthy People 2020 [Internet]. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion [cited [Date URL was accessed]]. Available from: [Specific URL]. 

What this tells us is that the author is a Group Author. A URL to the page should be included. If it is a page that will change over time, then a date should be included. 


Following APA 7th edition, if I were to use this it would look like this in APA style 7th edition:

Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (n.d.). Immunization and Infectious Diseases.

Other Health Related Sites


AIDSinfo,, or Web pages

You may cite content from an HHS website by using the date, page title, and the URL.


Citing CDC 

With Author names:

Cullen, K. A., Ambrose, B. K., Gentzke, A. S., Apelberg, B. J., Jamal, A., & King, B. A. (2018). Notes from the Field: Use of Electronic Cigarettes and Any Tobacco Product Among Middle and High School Students — United States, 2011–2018. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 67(45), 1276–1277.

No author names, organization instead:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (1999). Control of infectious diseases. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 48(29), 621–629.


MMWR is a publication series, once published in print. Treat it like a journal with the author being the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

APA Style Sources-7th ed updates