Skip to main content

The Detective Novel: CRIT 0857

Research help for the Critical Languages Center (CRIT) course, "The Detective Novel."

Why Use Reference Works?

Hand flipping through an open bookQuestion: What value lies in a reference work? Why, for example, would a researcher bother to consult a scholarly encyclopedia? 

Answer: Reference works provide great overviews. They help researchers contextualize their topics and begin to ask the right questions. They also help with generating search terms to use when later searching in research databases.  Moreover, reference works contain bibliographies that lead researchers to the most respected secondary and most useful primary sources on a topic.

In short, reference works are a great way to begin your research. 

Get Background Info on Concepts & Ideas

Individual looking up informationNeed to look up a name, place, term, or event?  The sources below contain many different kinds of encyclopedias and dictionaries from different disciplines and are excellent starting points for getting an overview on your topic as well as understanding how different communities understand and interpret concepts. Try them.

Word Definitions, Spellings, & Histories

Need to find the earliest references to a word or phrase like "cockleburr"? Need to understand how a word was defined in a particular time period? Then these sources are for you!

Select Literary Terms, Theories, Histories, & Overviews

Author Biographies & Biographical Overviews

silhouette of two individualsBiographies provide insights into individuals' lives and achievements. The sources below contain brief biographies or biographical overviews on individuals. Many also point to other resources about an individual, including related news stories, book-length biographies, and/or author interviews.

Background Info on Crime, Detection, & Criminal Justice

These sources provide definitions and overviews of specific terms, concepts, and ideas. Try using them. In fact, try comparing definitions across several sources.