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Creative Investigations: ENG 4096

Research help for Jena Osman's course, "Creative Investigations."

What's So Great About City Directories?

pages from 1866 Philadelphia City DirectoryBefore the advent of telephone directories, city directories provided information about local communities. Early directories contained lists of individuals, their addresses, and occupations.

Later directories included additional information and could include: a yearly calendar, street maps, railroad schedules, and engravings of public buildings, along with local information about town offices, courts, public schools, various societies, and business listings. Some directories even included marriage, birth, and death information.

Find Digitized City Directories

For a Philadelphia-focus:

Find Social Registers

front page of 1920 Social RegisterSocial registers are directories of names and addresses of prominent American families who are claimed to be from “polite society.” Additional information provided sometimes included educational backgrounds, maiden names, names of parents, and club affiliations for those listed. Social registers have existed for cities such as Boston, Buffalo, Cleveland, New York, Kansas City, Philadelphia, St. Louis, and San Francisco.

For a Philadelphia-focus: