Data is raw information. Data or data sets are primary sources that are the result of research studies or surveys. Statistics are the collection, organization, interpretation, and analysis of data. Statistics are found in tables, graphs, and charts.
When and Why You Should Use Data:
Remember: Data alone can't make the argument for you. Treat data as evidence that requires interpretation. Data is only as good as the people who create it, the quality of their work, and how well they relay their personal or organizational bias.
Need to find hard numbers? Use the following databases to find statistics on a variety of topics across time.
For a Philadelphia-focus:
Statistics are perhaps the most difficult type of information to find. Here are a few things to think about when trying to find a statistic: