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Approaches to Research in Journalism Studies: JRN 2701

Research help for the course, JRN 2701: Approaches to Research in Journalism Studies

Why Use Reference Works?

Hand flipping through an open bookQuestion: What value lies in a reference work? Why, for example, would a researcher bother to consult a scholarly encyclopedia? 

Answer: Reference works provide great overviews. They help researchers contextualize their topics and begin to ask the right questions. They also help with generating search terms to use when later searching in research databases.  Moreover, reference works contain bibliographies that lead researchers to the most respected secondary and most useful primary sources on a topic.

In short, reference works are a great way to begin your research. 

Get Background Info

Individual looking up informationNeed to look up a name, place, term, or event?  The sources below contain many different kinds of encyclopedias and dictionaries and are excellent starting points for getting an overview on your topic as well as possible search terms to use later. Try them.

Get Topic Ideas

Individual thinkingThink about topics that interest you. To generate some ideas, try the sources below. They offer background information on current events and controversial topics. And, they give both sides of an issue, so you can develop a better understanding of the topic.

Video Tutorials on Choosing a Topic

Choose a Topic

Choosing a manageable, interesting topic can be hard. Try getting your initial ideas out by using these statements adapted from Wayne Booth's The Craft of Argument so you can move from topic to question to argument.

(TOPIC) I am trying to learn about __________________________________________________________

(QUESTION) Because I want to find out (what/where/who/why/whether/how) ________________________

(SIGNIFICANCE) In order to help my reader understand ________________________________________

Research Methods

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Focus Your Topic into a Research Question

Hand writing where, when, how, what, who, and why on a board

When you have chosen a topic, it's time to ask some questions. 

Applying the 5 W's -- who, what, when, where, why, and how -- to your topic can help you begin to find a more focused issue within that topic that will work well for your assignment.

Visualize Your Topic

Try visualizing your topic to explore all of the different angles, ideas, and key concepts related to your topic. This is a good brainstorming exercise and can also help focus your topic into a research question.

The tools below can help you visualize your topic.