GIS technology can assist scholars in historical disciplines understand geographical phenomena and alo generate new research questions. Differently from projects that employ present-day data, studies that involve historical GIS might struggle with lack of data available online or already digitized. Often, scholars have to extract their data from published sources and digitize the material themselves. Below is more information on developing historical GIS projects.
Methods for acquiring historical data vary according to research topic, but most common ones are:
As you collect your data, it is important to organize and save your materials in a stable platform, such as Microsoft Excel or a similar software. Regardless of the software you choose, make sure your data format is compatible with the platform you are using.
After you have collected your data, you will need to find accurate geographical coordinates for the locations you are studying. While that can be easily found if you are analyzing present-day information, working with historical sites (some of which do not exist anymore or have changed names) can be challenging. Here are some helpful resources: