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Border Crossings: GSWS 0801

This guide is designed to help students perform library research for the General Education course Border Crossings: GSWS 0801.

Citation Guides

Notecards with handwritten citations in black ink.

Index Card by Reeding Lessons,
February 3, 2007 (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) 
Accessed: July 11, 2011

Why Cite?

External sources influenced your argument for your paper.

You MUST cite these sources.

Why must you cite your sources?

  1. Support or validate your argument.
  2. Give credit where credit is due.
  3. Courtesy to your readers.
  4. Help prevent plagiarism.


What is plagiarism?

According to the Temple Student Conduct Code (page 7), "The term "plagiarism" includes, but is not limited to, the use, by paraphrase or direct quotation, of the published or unpublished work of another person without full and clear acknowledgment. It also includes the unacknowledged use of materials prepared by another person or agency engaged in the selling or distribution of term papers or other academic materials."

Plagiarism can also be inadvertent. If you are careless, you may be unaware that you've used someone else's words or ideas. If you haven't given credit to your source, whether you are aware of it or not, it is still plagiarism.

Learn more about plagiarism from this Temple University Writing Center handout.

How can I avoid plagiarism?

Plan ahead. Give yourself plenty of time.  The closer to the deadline you wait to start working on a paper, the more likely you are to make mistakes and inadvertently plagiarize sources in your rush to completion.

Take careful notes. Make sure to indicate direct quotations.

Use quotations and paraphrasing. (Tutorial)

Use a citation manager to keep track of and organize your sources.

Develop an understanding of academic writing. They Say/I Say: The Moves That Matter In Academic Writing is an excellent introduction. If They Say/I Say: The Moves That Matter In Academic Writing is checked out, consider renting the ebook version.