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Use Scholarly Articles and Books as References: Why do Scholars use References and Citations?

A short list of ways you can use scholarly articles and books as references in your academic writing

Why do Scholars use References and Citations

"The critical examination, evaluation, and integration of source literature into academic texts requires skills and knowledge which are often only acquired in the course of a long academic socialization...

[Academic publishing] is sometimes characterized as a conversation, as a mutifaceted, continuous dialogue between individuals, schools of thought and theories.  The writing of academic texts therefore cannot be reduced to the transfer of assumptions and research data.  It is an important type of social interaction in the scientific community, characterized by the norms, expectations, and relationships among its practioners.  An explicit expression of scientific writing as social interaction is found in the way references are made in scientific texts to scientific texts."

You can see this taking place in almost every scholarly article particularly near the beginning of an article when the author presents the prior work on which the new work is built. Here are examples from the Humanities, Social Sciences and Sciences.  Authors often use the phrases "literature review" and "review of the literature" to announce what they are doing, or refer to what has been tried in the past. [Note: the "literature" being referred to is prior non-fiction research rather than any fictional works of literature.]

Jakobs, M. Reproductive writing-writing from sources. Journal of Pragmatics, Volume 35, Number 6, June 2003, pp. 893-906(14) doi:10.1016/S0378-2166(02)00124-8