Meta-synthesis, Meta-ethnography, Qualitative Evidence Synthesis, Qualitative Meta-Synthesis, Meta narrative review (related)
A meta-synteses is bringing together qualitative data to form a new interpretation of the research field. It helps to build new theories and is not to be confused with a meta-analysis which tests a hypothesis using quantitative data. It primarily generates theory such as program theory, implementation theory, or an explanatory theory of why the intervention works or not, hypothesis for future testing or comparison with trial outcomes.
Refer to the 7 S Framework of Qualitative Searching by Booth (2016) https://systematicreviewsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13643-016-0249-x
Atkins S, Lewin S, Smith H, et al. Conducting a meta-ethnography of qualitative literature: lessons learnt. BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2008; 8:21.
Grant MJ, Booth A. A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Information and Libraries Journal. 2009; 26(2):91-108.
Noblit GW, Hare RD. Meta-ethnography: synthesizing qualitative studies. Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications, Inc.; 1988.
(Source: France EF, Ring N et al (1988))
(Source: M. Petticrew et al (2013) and Li T. et al (2001))