LSR, Live Cumulative Network Meta-analysis (Related), Living Meta-analysis (Related)
*Note: Other review types can be "living" too. Living refers to how it lives beyond the publication.
Source: Cochrane Learning Webinar (see resources)
"We define an LSR as a systematic review which is continually updated, incorporating relevant new evidence as it becomes available."
Reasons to conduct a Living Systematic Review:
Sources: Cochrane Collaboration http://community.cochrane.org/review-production/production-resources/living-systematic-reviews#resources and Cochrane Learning Webinar (see resources) and Stay Alive! (Winters et al.)
Core methods are not different than a systematic review, but they require the "explicit, transparent and predefined decisions on":
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Is your review question a complex intervention? Learn more about Reviews of Complex Interventions
Source: Cochrane Collaboration http://community.cochrane.org/review-production/production-resources/living-systematic-reviews#resources and Cochrane Learning Webinar (see resources)
Example of a LSR in a journal-The journal publishes regular updates to LSRs:
Cnossen Maryse C., Scholten Annemieke C., Lingsma Hester F., Synnot Anneliese, Tavender Emma, Gantner Dashiell, Lecky Fiona, Steyerberg Ewout W., and Polinder Suzanne. Journal of Neurotrauma. August 2016, ahead of print.https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2015.4121
Elliott JH, Turner T, Clavisi O, Thomas J, Higgins JPT, et al. (2014) Living Systematic Reviews: An Emerging Opportunity to Narrow the Evidence-Practice Gap. PLOS Medicine 11(2): e1001603.