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Studies in 20/21C American Literature - U.S. Ethnic Minority Literature: ENG 8024

Research help for the course, ENG 8024: U.S. Ethnic Minority Literature

Videos on Annotated Bibliographies

Writing an Annotated Bibliography

Videos on Citing Sources

Citation: A (Very) Brief Introduction

Why We Cite

How We Cite

MLA Style

Jacket covers of the 8th and 9th edition of the MLA HandbookIn English Studies, the MLA style is a set of standards for writing and documentation used by writers to:

  • find and evaluate information;
  • alert audiences to the trustworthiness of their findings through citation;
  • shape the expression of their ideas in conversation with others.

These standards are laid out in the MLA HandbookAs of 2021, the MLA Handbook is in its 9th edition. Some classes and professors may still be using the 8th edition, though. 

Find print copies of the 8th edition and 9th edition at the Libraries. The MLA Style Center website also offers:

Tip: Pay attention to the edition offered by citation generator and management tools, and choose accordingly.

Create an Annotated Bibliography

Need help creating annotated bibliographies? Below are a few sources that help explain what should be included in the annotations:

Characteristics of a Good Annotation

A good annotation summarizes and evaluates each source. A good annotation does the following:

  • discusses the writer's background/credibility
  • summarizes the content of the source
  • describes the usefulness of the source
  • draws connections between the source content and the student's research topic
  • begins with a properly formatted citation

Citation Generator & Organization Tools

Use any of these citation generators to quickly create citations. 

Use with caution, though. Not all are 100% accurate. Some miss finer details like capitalization or punctuation. Proof the final citations according to a style manual.

Help from Purdue OWL

Purdue Online Writing Lab

The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) contains writing resources and instructional materials focused on the writing process, academic writing, mechanics, grammar, punctuation, and more. 


The Purdue OWL has been the go-to resource for researchers and librarians for many years. It is still a good resource despite the advertisements (they partnered with Chegg).