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"Fake News," Misinformation, & Disinformation

How to identify (and avoid) inaccurate information.

Practice Evaluation Skills

SIFT Method

The SIFT Method by Mike Caulfield provides four quick moves you can do when evaluating an online source. Learn more about using the SIFT method to sort fact from fiction related to COVID-19 at Sifting Through the Coronavirus Pandemic.

CTRL-F method

CTRL-F, a project from Canadian nonprofit CIVIX, is an extension of the SIFT Method. The guide provides short videos and activities which can help you pick up three fundamental skills.

IMVAIN method

IMVAIN is a mneumonic used to help evaluate sources that show up in news stories. Use the IMVAIN Source Reliability Checklist to assist you in your efforts.