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"Fake News," Misinformation & Disinformation

How to identify (and avoid) false information.

What exactly is a fact?

A fact is a statement that can be verified. A statement of opinion is not a fact. Fact-checkers work with content that is written; they do not research new material. Fact-checkers read the document in question and identify and extract all content in need of fact checking.

Learn more about the differences between facts and opinions in the video below.

Fact-checking news sources

The resources below provide fact-checking to assess the truth of claims made in political statements, social media posts, and news coverage.

Fact-checking academic sources

The resources below provide updates regarding what publications have been recently retracted as well as a list of ethical standards for publications to follow.